Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal MUSE Supagro 3BCar Labex IM2E

Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology

Zone de texte éditable et éditée et rééditée

Instrumentation and control of bioprocesses and microbial ecosystems

Under certain conditions, in particular when optimization is sought, bioprocesses present risks of destabilization which require the implementation of control laws. The scientific problem is defined as the (potentially "optimal") control of dynamic systems - sometimes large - uncertain, partially observed, non-linear, non-stationary and / or subject to perturbations. One of the original features of LBE's work in this field is to take advantage of the fine knowledge of the process and the microbial ecosystem it hosts in order to propose innovative and effective solutions.

The implementation of these control laws requires information via – if possible online - sensors to know the state of the system at the present moment. If the sensors to characterize the environment of the reaction medium (temperature, pH, liquid and gaseous flows, pressures, etc.) are easily implemented and available (including on a small scale), information on the reaction state of the medium and on Microorganisms, (types of organisms present, activities, concentrations of metabolites, etc.) are much more difficult to obtain. This is why a large part of our activities is aimed at developing sensors, in particular for anaerobic systems. Note that if the bioprocesses are still lacking appropriate and inexpensive sensors, the problem related to the search for means of actions - the actuators - is also pregnant. One way to improve the situation is to conduct research on microbial ecosystems, the true functional cores of bioprocesses. By associating microbial ecologists and theorists, modelers and automaticians, new levers of action are sought to optimize the functioning of bioprocesses in order to move from a situation in which the state of the ecosystems is undergone to a situation in which its Main metabolic pathways can be oriented...


Jean-Philippe Steyer